Kutai National Park

Kutai National Park represents a number of principal vegetation types, including coastal/mangrove forest, freshwater swamp forest, kerangas forest, lowland flooding forest, ulin/meranti/kapur forest, and mixed Dipterocarpaceae forest. This Park is also part of the largest relatively pristine ulin forest in Indonesia.

Among the plants that grow in this Park are mangrove (Bruguiera sp.), cemara laut (Casuarina equisetifolia), simpur (Dillenia sp.), meranti (Shorea sp.), benuang (Octomeles sumatrana), ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri), kapur (Dryobalanops sp.), 3 species of rafflesia, and various orchid species.

An ulin tree in Sangkimah has a height without branches of 45 m, a diameter of 225 cm or a circle of 706 cm, and a volume of 150 m3. It is the highest and largest plant recorded in Indonesia.

As well as a variety of plants, this Park also has a high animal diversity. Primate groups like orangutan (Pongo satyrus), Mueller’s Bornean grey gibbon (Hylobates muelleri), proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus), long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis fascicularis), maroon leaf monkey (Presbytis rubicunda rubicunda), white-fronted leaf monkey (P. frontata frontata), pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina nemestrina), and slow loris (Nycticebus coucang borneanus) can be found in Teluk Kaba, Prevab-Mentoko and Sangkimah. Ungulate groups like banteng (Bos javanicus lowi), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor brokei), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak pleiharicus), and lesser Malay mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus klossi) can be found throughout the Park area.

Orangutan (Pongo satyrus)

Orangutan (Pongo satyrus)

Carnivore groups such as sun bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) and flat-headed cat (Pardofelis planiceps) can be found in Teluk Kaba, Prevab-Mentoko and along the Bontang-Sangatta road.

Fowl groups that can be seen include the lesser adjutant stork (Leptoptilos javanicus), white-bellied sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), green imperial pigeon (Ducula aenea), junglefowl (Gallus sp.), hill myna (Gracula religiosa), and oriental darter (Anhinga melanogaster melanogaster).

Teluk Kaba in Kutai National Park is the location of the nation’s third orangutan rehabilitation centre.

Kutai National Park collaborates with “Friends of Kutai” like PT. Kaltim Prima Coal, PT. Pupuk Kaltim, PT. Badak LNG, Pertamina, some of the surrounding forest concessionaires (HPH), and others, who not only provide financial assistance but are also actively involved in nature conservation and the management of the Park.

 

Interesting Locations/Attractions

Kaba Bay and Muara Sangkimah: marine tourism and observing animals, especially orangutans, proboscis monkeys, sambar deer, lesser mouse deer, sun bears, and birds.

Lombok Bay and Muara Sungai Sangatta: marine tours and observation of original mangrove forest.

Prevab-Mentoko: research; watching animals such as sun bears, orangutans, lesser mouse deer, and wild pigs.

Goa Lobang Angin: caving.

One of the cultural attractions outside the Park area is the Erau Festival, held in September in Tenggarong.

 

How to Reach the Park

Balikpapan-Samarinda by car, 2.5 hours, then Samarinda-Bontang by car, 3 hours, and Bontang-Teluk Kaba by speedboat, about 30 minutes. The main Bontang-Sangatta road passes through the Park area.

Best time of year to visit is between April to October.

 

Environment Fact

Total area of 198,629 hectares

Location Regency of Kutai (Province of East Kalimantan)

Temperature 27° – 33° C

Rainfall 1,543 mm/annual (on average)

Altitude 0 – 397 m asl.

Geographical location 116°58′ – 117°36′ E; 0°08′ – 0°34′ N

 

Official Information

Office: Jl. Awang Long, Tromol Pos 1 Bontang 75311, East Kalimantan

Tel. : +62-548-27218

Fax. : +62-548- 22946

E-mail: btnkutai@plasa.com

Web site: www.tn.kutai.or.id

 

Source: The Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia

 

You may like this:

mesmerizejourneys.wordpress.com
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: